Essentially, child welfare aims to protect children and encourage stability in families. Services designed in child welfare include adoption services, supporting at-risk families to ensure their stability, and foster care among others. The attention of child welfare is drawn to the following situations among children often referred to as child abuse. neglect, psychological abuse, child sexual abuse, and physical abuse Child Welfare Information Gateway (2011). Even though the main responsibility for child welfare services lies with the States, Federal Government has a crucial role in supporting the delivery of services by the States through legislative initiatives and funding of programs Child Welfare Information Gateway (2011). The Ultimate goal of a child is to ensure that there is a child continuity of relationships under the care caretakers and parents. Indeed, all the roads in child welfare must lead to permanency for the involved child. However, many structural, policy, and practice issues often interfere with achieving this goal in a timely and effective manner. This discussion will focus on adoption as an area of child welfare primarily in New York City (NYC) and critically examine its impacts or how it has impacted the permanency agenda. Thereafter, recommendations will be made on how to address the identified obstacles to permanency regarding adoption.The ultimate goal of child welfare is permanency for the child involved. In child welfare, permanency is defined as a nurturing and legally permanent family for every child (Maluccio, Fein, Olmstead, 1986). The concept of permanency in child welfare is based on specific values such as the significance of parent-child attachment, the importance of biological families, and the primacy of family. According to Maluccio, Fein, and Olmstead (1986), permanency is achieved and maintained through permanent placements with relatives, adoption from foster care, family reunification, and guardianship.