The researcher states that in the medical field, it is widely accepted and recognized that for a random urine sample, the normal protein level should range between 0 to 20mg/Dl. In cases where one’s urine protein levels surpass the 20mg/Dl mark, there has to be cause for concern because there may be a strong possibility of kidney damage. Diseases and conditions that may set the alarm bells ringing may include the following: kidney infection, kidney failure, glomerulonephritis, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, malaria, arthritis, leukemia, amyloidosis, sickle cell anemia, multiple myeloma, urinary tract infections, Good pasture’s syndrome, bladder cancer, heavy metal poisoning, polycystic kidney disease and pregnancy. It is important to note that in instances where kidney damage is suspected, the amount of protein detected is directly proportional to the severity of the damage, and therefore when the levels of protein are elevated over a period of time the damage to kidneys becomes more extensive and severe. Other indications may include a transient increase as a result of medication (certain drugs may trigger a rise in urine protein levels), physical or emotional stress and even vigorous physical activity. It is also worth noting that if kidney and urinary tract infections are the primary factors behind an elevation in urinary protein levels, they usually normalize once the two conditions have been cured.